Answers to how do enzymes weaken the bonds in substances ?
Catalytic power of enzymes covalently bonds with the substrate and gets weakened as when its selective three dimensional shape tries to bring closer the reactants (or substrates) into its active site. Eventually during this process it helps allow the chemical bonds to weaken. Consequently the enzyme's shape alters when it contacts with the substrate. This activity visualized as a ping-pong mechanism where in human body an enzyme binds with one substrate and releases its product.
The above is the scientific process how enzymes weakens the bonds in substances. It is a specialized protein molecule that catalyzes chemical reactions within the cells to enable the physiological processes. Generally when the reactant molecules or substrates absorbs energy from the surrounding then it helps to break the bonds. Enzyme has got acidic components to help break down solid food particles. Metabolic enzyme has three types of enzymes to help break different food particles. It plays a crucial role in functioning the system.